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Wednesday, 8 July 2015

Cornielje family coat of arms carved in wood | Carved Family coat of arms | CARVED FAMILY CREST IN LIMEWOOD

Carved family coat of arms

Cornielje family coat of arms carved in wood / Cornielje Family – Switzerland
Heraldic coat of arms in wood.

Heraldic family coat of arms carved in wood is one of my favorite specialties.  It is always a personal challenge to be able to carve a family coat of arms in wood. Heraldry is a very interesting topic and I am always happy and excited to have the chance to begin a new assignment for a heraldic coat of arms.
You get to know interesting people when you are learning about “their” fascinating family history. And for me –personally-, it is always nice to hear that they appreciate my craftsmanship and quality.
Every heraldic coat of arms is unique. Usually it will start with an example of the inspiration in the form of a drawing, sketch or and old photography, provided by the customer. 

In some cases, there is always the possibility that the design cannot be used as a blueprint for carving the coat of arms. That may be because the design is too small, while the customer desires a bigger heraldic panel. In that case, the coat of arms has to be re-designed.  If you simply scale up a small design, the proportions cannot be maintained.  Usually, the composition must be completed in order to exploit in a better way the spatial layout.

It may be that there is no logic in building, in the assembling of the mantling or lambrequin, and it also happens that the original heraldic design was never intended to be carved in wood. After all, wood has its limitations.

Another important thing is that the relief fits the dimensions of the coat of arms. These small and sometimes even bigger problems you will encounter and you will need to solve them working together with your customer.

Cornielje coat of arms
Gerard Cornielje –the customer- thru his paternal side, is a descendant of the Baroness Marie Le Pesant of Bois-Guilbert and the Lawyer Pierre Corneille, patents of the poets Pierre Corneille Seigneur D’Anville and Thomas Corneille Seigneur de L’Isle.
The old Pierre Corneille (not without the help of his son, whose work “Le Cid” created commotion in the year 1637) was knighted by King Louis XIII in the year 1637 and renewed knighted in 1669 by Louis XIV, after the revocation of his original credentials.
(Probably under political pressure from Cardinal Richelieu, “Le Cid” was found morally reprehensible and Richelieu became jealous of the sudden fame of his former protégé.

Carved Family coat of arms

The full title of Pierre Corneille “the younger” was Ecuyer (nl) Esquire) Pierre Corneille Seigneur d’Anville, a transferable title associated with land ownership and a fixed annual income.
The title Ecuyer was changed after the death of his father, into Chevalier (nl) Knight.
During the French Revolution in 1789, the noble family Corneille fled to the north and the family took refuge in the Netherlands, the rest of the family spread across Germany, Austria and Bohemia.

The name Corneille changed over the years to Cornielje, probably an adaptation; it was a common French use to change, to “Ducherize” or to “Germanize” a name, but also for the fear of the long arm of the revolution.
From the maternal side is Baron von Saxen from the branch Hippmann von Sachsen zu Bohemen. The origin of the nobility lies here in the year 1733 by Johann Paul von Sachsen Hippmann, because of his efforts in the service to the kingdom of Bohemia, elevated to Baron.

Cornielje coat of arms

Here an image of our new coat of arms (notice the references to our original coat of arms being the red lion and the star) as well as the blazoning of our armorial bearings:

Blazoning of the heraldic achievement of the Cornielje family:

Shield:- Sable, between two wings Argent displayed a rose Argent, seeded Or, barbed Vert, between the primary feathers a coronet of twelve points (five and two halves visible) Or pearls proper and in base a star of six points Argent.

Crest:- a demi lion rampant Gules holding between the claws a lyre of five strings the outer being paint brushes and the central being a snake Argent the soundbox charged with five mullets Sable.

Mantling:- Sable doubled Argent and Gules doubled Or.

Right of bearing: Gerardus Wilhelmus Theodorus Cornielje, author, hipster * ‘s-Heerenberg/Niederlande 12.6.1962, his fiancée Rachel Naomi Ben-Dror, dolphin-trainer, officemanager, * Eilat/Israel 26.8.1981, his succession of both gender born in wedlock, as well as all descendants of his father Gerhard Everhard Cornielje (1926-2001), provided that they bear the last name Cornielje.

Translation : Lis alvarado

 Cornielje family coat of arms carved in wood






Carved Family coat of arms in wood

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Saturday, 27 June 2015

A HORN OF ABUNDANCE | THE CORNUCOPIA AS ORNAMENT | Ornament horn of abundance carved in wood | Horn of Plenty

Cornucopia carved in wood

The Horn of Abundance, 
(in Latin cornucopiae)

The Horn of Abundance (Cornucopia) made in wood, as an ornament.

The Horn of Abundance is a symbol of abundance, wealth and food; a big horn-like tube full with fruits, vegetables, flowers, nuts and other symbols, like coins. It comes from the classical antiquity. In our contemporary-western culture it does not have any other symbolism, but in North America it is mainly associated with Thanksgiving

Statue in the gardens of Versailles

Classical Mythology, The Cornucopia.

Classic Mythology offers multiple explanations for the origin of the Cornucopia. One of the best known explanations includes the birth and care of the infant Zeus, who needed to be hidden from his father Kronus to avoid being devouring. In a cave of Mount Ida, on the island of Crete, baby Zeus was cared a number of different divine attendants, including the goat of Amalthea, who fed him with her milk.  
The infant Zeus, de future king of the gods, had unusual skills and strength, and when playing with his nanny (Amalthea), he accidentally broke one of her horns. He gave the horn a very special power: the horn would fill with anything that his owner would wish. Later, the horn was given to the daughters from the king and from that moment the horn became a symbol of abundance. 
The one, who possessed it, would never suffer hunger.  

In the gardens of Versailles

In another myth, the horn of abundance was made when Heracles (Roman Hercules), who wrestled with the god of the rivers Achelous, and during the fight Achelous wrenched off one of his horns; River gods were sometimes depicted as horned. The naiads (nymphs) took care of the horn and filled it with fragrant flowers. Later, the goddess of abundance Copia took the horn as her possession, giving it the name of cornucopia.  

Heraldry and two cornucopia as an ornament | Streets of Heidelberg (Germany)

The cornucopia became the attribute of several Greek and Roman gods, particularly those related with harvest, prosperity and spiritual abundance, such as personifications of the Earth (Gaia or Terra) the nymph Maia and Fortuna.

Contemporary representation

The uses and Symbolism of the Horn of Abundance (Cornucopia)
In the modern interpretation the Horn of Abundance is typical hollow, horn-shaped wicker basket, filled with various kinds of festive fruits and vegetables. 
In North America, the Cornucopia is associated with Thanksgiving and harvest. The Horn of Abundance is also the name of an annual Wine and Food Festival held in November in Whistler, British Columbia, Canada.

Great seal of North Carolina

Two cornucopias are shown in the flag of the state of Idaho. The Great Seal of North Carolina shows the figure of Liberty –standing- and Plenty –setting down- with a Horn of Abundance in her left hand.
Colombia, Panama, Peru and Venezuela all have a cornucopia in their arms shield.
The Cornucopia is also often used as a symbol in the heraldry.

Great seal of Idaho

The Cornucopia as ornament.
Making a Horn of Abundance in wood, stone or clay.

In my many visits to museums, castles or antiques fairs, I have encountered very often with decorative ornaments in architecture, or as an ornament, or in stone vases, statues or fountains.  
In furniture and joinery the Horn of Abundance can be produce as a decorative element in a composition of ornaments, used in the wood paneled walls or sculpture boiserie (carved wood paneling) of interiors. The thickness of the ornament in a boiserie is always greater than in the furniture’s from Liege.

Therefore, it is easier to create a Cornucopia in wood, in a composition with depth and character. Because the Horn of Abundance requires a minimum thickness of wood, and in order to allow the character of the ornament to show off, they will be present more frequently in the form of a crest or pediment (fronton) in furniture.  

So, it is an ornament, which, when you really begin to pay attention, is use very much in the ornamentation and in the most varied applications.

 Translation Lis Alvarado

Two horns of Abundance carved in wood and gilded | Versailles

Cornucopia and the figure as part of a cabinet, Musée des Arts Décoratifs Paris

A horn of Abundance with flowers | Gardens of Versailles

Carving a horn of Abundance | The cornucopia as ornament


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